Hormonal and physiological changes throughout the body, as well as changes in the mouth can ocur during pregnancy. It is often observed that the problems present in the mouth before pregnancy increase during pregnancy. For this reason, pre-pregnancy oral care, which is of critical importance, directly affects baby health. Therefore, the recommendations given in the scope of oral and dental health should be followed, and the dentist should be visited before pregnancy.
During these visits, detailed examinations are carried out in the scope of both dental and oral health, and the solution and early intervention of existing oral problems are solved before pregnancy.
Oral and Dental Hygiene During Pregnancy;
Estrogen hormone levels increase during pregnancy and the amount of plaque in the mouth may increase so that the gums become fragile to diseases more dangerous. For this reason, hygiene is one of the most important factors to be considered during pregnancy. In addition, the diversity of intra-oral bacteria in pregnant women can lead to an increase in tooth decay. Therefore, new oral health measures should be added and extra sensitivity should be given to hygiene tools.
It is very important to choose the hygiene tools to be used according to the existing problems in the mouth.
Priority should be given to pastes containing extra formulas against decay as toothpaste. Apart from this, using dental floss is another important habit in hygiene. In addition, the use of interface brushes other than dental flosses is important for cleaning the residues escaping between the teeth and has very useful results.
In addition to this, continuous vitamin support should be taken and plaque control should be done by contacting dentists at certain intervals. This process may also prevent the formation of intraoral oral tumors.
Teeth cleaning can be done until the 9th month of pregnancy. However, other dental treatments during pregnancy are preferred between the 4th and 6th months. In case of dental problems or anesthesia, the obstetrician should be contacted.
Antibiotic use in dental treatments should be avoided as much as possible. But it is also wrong to know that every antibiotic is harmful to babies. Dentists and obstetricians can provide the most accurate information on this subject.
Nutritional Habits in Pregnancy and Oral and Dental Health;
Along with the habit of brushing and flossing, care should also be given to nutrition during pregnancy. Dietary habits should reduce the consumption of sweets and sugars, consume plenty of vegetables, and try to increase calcium-containing foods. Calcium is a very important type of protein that has both restorative and preventive effects and makes the tooth roots more robust.
In this respect, calcium-weighted diet positively affects the health of pregnant women.
Can Dental Treatment be done During Pregnancy?
During pregnancy, serious dental treatments should be avoided within the first 3 months, which is known as the organ development stage of the baby. Therefore, comprehensive dental treatments can be started by the 4th month. However, in cases such as gums or dental inflammation, infection in the body may prevent the baby’s development. Therefore, the treatment process can be started in the first 3 months with the approval of the gynecologist.
Finally, another issue that should be considered while performing dental treatment during pregnancy is not being able to sit comfortably in the treatment chair in the last 3 months. In addition, applications requiring local anesthesia before the last 3 months can be performed more successfully.
For our pregnant patients who apply to Bursa Vizyon Oral and Dental Health, in cases where it is necessarry we also contact their pregnancy specialists in order to provide proper medication and treatment.
The general dental health of mothers is passed directly to the baby. Therefore, the maximum attention of mothers will be the center of the infants’ healthy life and growth. For this reason, the Bursa Vizyon and Dental Health Policlinic doctors follow all pregnant patients who apply during certain periods of the pregnancy and the necessary interventions are performed in a timely manner without intraoral problems.